Tuesday, March 19, 2013


A gentle breeze brushes the wild grasses and bright yellow clover against a few of the weathered and vandalized marble headstones at Last Stand Hill. This is the spiritual resting place for those members of the 7th Cavalry who lost their lives in the Battle of the Little Big Horn.

The battle is synonymous with one man -George Armstrong Custer, who distinguished himself during the Civil War as an officer who commanded his troops from the front. Regardless of the controversy associated with his actions at the Little Bighorn on June 25, 1876, Custer's courage has never been questioned. 

But, there were two other Custers who shared the courage and the agony of defeat on Last Stand Hill. In addition to George, the battle also claimed the lives of younger brothers Tom and Boston. Their bodies were supposedly found within yards of one another.

Tom Custer

George Armstrong Custer often said his brother, Tom, should have been the one awarded the rank of general.

Thomas Ward Custer, who went to war at the age of 16, stands as one of history’s forgotten heroes of the American Civil War.

Tom – let's call him the other Custer – was a two-time recipient of the Medal of Honor for bravery--the first soldier to receive the dual honor, and one of only 19 in history to earn two medals.

Medal of Honor #1

Tom Custer earned his first Medal of Honor during the Battle of Namozine Church . On April 3, 1865, he led the charge of the Second Brigade against the Confederate barricade. With bullets flying, Custer coaxed his horse over the barricade, causing the Confederates to fall back in confusion.

He seized the flag of the Second North Carolina cavalry from the bearer, and called for these around him to surrender. Custer captured three officers, and eleven enlisted men.

Medal of Honor #2

Custer’s actions at the Battle of Sailor’s Creek (also known as Saylor’s Creek) earned him a second Medal of Honor. This engagement, larger than the fight at Namozine Church, involved both cavalry and infantry. Custer, upon hearing the command to charge, urged his mount forward, and leaped the enemy barricade.

Even though surrounded by Confederates, Custer fired his pistol scattering the soldiers. When he spotted the color bearer, which some soldiers began to rally around, Custer – wounded in the face – charged, and captured the flag. Battle flags were important on the field of battle. In combat, soldiers kept their eyes on their regimental flags, and followed them during advances or retreats. 

The loss of a regimental flag was considered a disgrace to the command. Ironically, GeorgeArmstrong was the first Union soldier to capture an enemy flag in the Civil War.

Custer Arrests Custer

Interesting sidebar: General Custer had to place Tom under arrest to get him the needed medical attention. The younger Custer was also honored by being brevetted through grades to major of volunteers and later to lieutenant colonel in the regulars. After the war he was commissioned directly into the regular army and soon joined his brother's regiment, the 7th Cavalry.

Takes Command of Company C

Tom Custer wasn’t yet 20 years old when the Civil War ended. After being appointed a first lieutenant in the 7th Cavalry, he was wounded in the Washita campaign of the Indian Wars, in 1868. Later, the younger Custer was assigned Reconstruction duty in South Carolina.

In 1873, he participated in the Yellowstone Expedition, the Battle of Honsinger Bluff, and the Black Hills Expedition.

Two years later, Custer was promoted to Captain, and given the command of Company C of the 7th Cavalry.

Final Battle

Tom Custer was buried on the battlefield, but exhumed the following year and reburied in Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery.

A stone memorial slab marks the place where his body was discovered and initially buried.

Tom is author of Last Stand At Bitter Creek. Visit him at:


  1. Wow, Tom. Great info on another Tom! I knew his brother died with George, but not Boston too. And I sure learned a lot about Tom's military honors! Thanks for a great post.

  2. Hi, Meg, glad you enjoyed it. I didn't realize all three died together either, and did not know about Tom Custer's two Medals of Honor.

  3. I really enjoy posts where I learn something new. Thanks Tom.

  4. Tom. Have you seen the Custer battlefield review on Youtube? Archeologists are telling a whole new story of the fight. Last Stand Hill, for example, wasn't where the last of the 7th died.

  5. Hi Livia, I find Tom Custer was the real hero of that family.

  6. Charlie, there are quite a few of them on YouTube, but the most fascinating I found was produced by Battlefield Detectives (http://youtu.be/Y8bDcD81AiY). This documentary provides a detailed, inside probe of the battle based on forensic evidence, and also takes into consideration the Indian viewpoint. It essential deflates the legendary tale of heroism that has survived history.

  7. Tom, this is a wonderful post. I didn't know about Tom Custer, or Boston, either, dying there. It's great to learn these "inside" facts about the Custers.

  8. A fascinating post, Tom. Thank you.

  9. Thanks Tom for the post. It really spreads some light to a lot of fiction published after all those events in the man's life.

  10. I think both brothers were like, in real life as kids, competing with each other. You don't know about George Custer if you think Tom was "braver" He didn't get the Appomattox signing table being told by Sheridan that no one person did more to win the war...Custer stopped Lee there. The table is at the Custer museum I understand. Remember who beat JEB S. Tom idolized his big brother, Boss was a young man, Don't forget the rest of the family like Calhoun....

  11. Excellent, informative post. Thanks, Tom.

  12. I've always wondered if perhaps Tom's two Medals of Honor may have contributed to older brother George's powerful ambition.

    By the way, there is an EXCELLENT new book out called DELIVERANCE FROM THE LITTLE BIG HORN -a Spur finalist -that is about the 7th's surgeons. I highly recommend it.

    And I always make sure Tom gets the appropriate props when I mention the battle in class.

  13. Thanks for the book suggestion, Troy. It looks really interesting.

  14. Thanks to Cheryl, Keith, Jerry, Anon., Ron, & Troy for the comments. I too checked out Deliverance From Little Big Horn, and didn't realize someone managed to evacuate some of the critically wounded. New and fresh perspectives on the Little Big Horn seem to emerge with each passing year.

  15. Wonderful post. I was aware of Tom and some of his exploits, but did not know of Boston. Every new piece of information is so exciting to learn. Thank you. It is just like finding out that there were three female doctors in Colorado Springs prior to 1880. Who knew? The information is there if we will just take the time to look.

  16. Renaissance Women--I did not know here were three female doctors in Colorado Springs prior to 1880.

  17. Really enjoyed your post, Tom. Especially your opening lines, great descriptions.

  18. Thank you, Carlene--Pleased you enjoyed it. Thanks for saying so.

  19. Great post Tom. It's surprising that more has not been written about Tom Custer. Probably due to the fact he was over sgadowed by his George and his ego.